Maintaining tyres is an important aspect of our lives but neglected most of the time. The neglect could be intentional or just by mere forgetfulness. Recommended check-up and maintenance of the tyres at least once a month to ensure the tyres’ longevity, prevention of accidents, and, most importantly, saving money that could be used to purchase new tyres. Every car owner should follow the techniques listed below for proper maintenance of the tyres of his vehicle.
1. Tyre Pressure
The tyres should always have the right amount of pressure. The pressure should not be underinflated or over-inflated. Every vehicle manufacturer always stipulates the recommended pressure for the vehicle, which needs to be maintained throughout. The pressure is measured in pounds per inch. Extra care is to be taken if the car had not been on the road for some time. When planning for a long road trip and at least once a month, the pressure should be checked using a proper gauge for measuring pressure.
Under-inflated tyres increase the friction that results in excessive heating that shortens the tyre life. On the other hand, in an over-inflated tyre, only the middle area becomes in contact with the ground, which increases stiffness and soon wears out.
2. Driving style
The way you drive your vehicle will determine how your tyres last. High-speed driving increases heat in the tyres, which can eventually lead to tyre explosion. If you frequently break abruptly, the tyres are likely to skid and wear the tread. When the vehicle is stuck in ice, mud and water, and you excessively spin the tyres, they can explode due to the applied circular forces. It is advisable to try moving back and forth motion to free the vehicle.
3. Rotating, Aligning and Balancing the tyres
Different mechanisms are used when it comes to steering and also application of breaks. The various means insert varied pressure in both the front and back tyres. To ensure the wearing out is distributed evenly, the tyres need to be rotated frequently. After about 8000km and 10000km, the tyres can be exchanged with the front one taken to the back and the back tyres taken to the front in a specified direction will improve the performance and life of the tyres.
Irregular tread wear and annoying sound vibrations are a sign of unbalanced tyres. Balancing of the tyres should be confirmed after a puncture repair or installation of new tyres. If the tyre balancing is adhered to, the tyre life is maximised and even wearing the tread.
Unusual steering problems are a sign of wrong tyre alignment. Every vehicle has a specified tyre alignment that must be adhered to failure to which the fuel consumption is increased uneven tread wear and handling.
4. Inspecting the Depth of the Tyre Tread
The tyre pressure check-ups include checking the tyre tread depth. The easiest way to check the depth is by inserting a coin between the treads with the national emblem. If you can see the head, it means the prints of your tyres are low and need replacement. Worn out tyre tread leads to poor traction of the vehicle, with the road leading to sliding and skidding during wet conditions.
5. Replacement of Tyres
Replacement of tyres should be done with caution by first reading the manufacturers manual for the car’s compatible tyres. The tyres are recommended to be the same as the original if they have to be changed. If this is impossible, the tyres you have chosen should be of the same specifications as the original ones. The four tyres are advisable to be the same, and if not, the ones without radials should be mounted to the front and the radial ones at the rear. The extra caution at the back is because spinning is inevitable if traction is lost at the end.
Additional help with the purchasing of tyres can be found in the various tyres online sites with all the required information about tyres and their installation.
6. Adherence of the Vehicle’s Load Limit
All vehicles have a specified weight limit in the manual. You subjecting your car to excessive weight will increase pressure on the tyres and other components of the vehicle. Apart from high fuel consumption, overloading your vehicle damages your tyres pretty fast. Installation of the tyres should match the weight capacity of the car.
7. Having Seasonal Tyres
Whenever possible, you should have tyres for the different seasons. During summer, have specific tyres on and vice versa during winter. When temperatures are below seven degrees, the excellent tyres in summer may not withstand the condition; hence having the tyres made for the winter season is an added advantage to ensure your tyres stay longer. If having the seasonal tyres is not possible, you can purchase all seasoned tyres to take you throughout the year.