Asthma is a lifelong condition but you can manage it pretty well by having control over your breathing techniques. It is caused by inflammation in the throat which makes it difficult to breathe the air in and out. In adults, the asthma attacks can be managed but children are unable to control their asthma attacks as they are not aware of the coping strategies.
Symptoms of asthma
The following are some common symptoms that can get worse sometimes leading to asthma attacks:
- Wheezing (a whistling sound)
- Shortness of breath
- Tightening of chest
These symptoms can be managed by exerting some control on the breathing technique.
The following treatments can be done to manage asthma attacks.
There are basically two types of inhalers; reliever inhalers and preventer inhalers.
- Reliever inhalers – they must be used immediately whenever you get an asthma attack so you should always have this inhaler by your side.
- Preventer inhalers – they are used to prevent asthma attacks and must be used frequently
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2. Avoid the triggers
You must pay close attention to the symptoms of asthma-like wheezing and coughing. There are some common triggers like when you step out in cold air or you perform any heavy exercise then you can get an asthma attack. Some allergies also trigger the symptoms of asthma-like pollen allergy or pet allergy.
3. Leukotriene receptor antagonists (LTRAs)
LTRAs come in the form of powder, syrup, or tablets. If your doctor prescribes you then you can take them every day to prevent the symptoms of asthma. They also come with mild side effects like stomach aches.
Sometimes when nothing works then injections can be given to the patients with severe asthma attacks. They are given every few weeks to keep the symptoms under control. However, these injections should only be taken after proper consultation with an asthma specialist as they may not be suitable for everyone with this problem.
5. Bronchial thermoplasty
A surgical procedure may open the narrowed airways through a tube. When the tube is inserted, heat is used to unblock the airways. This procedure is considered safe for patients with severe symptoms and has no side effects.
6. Breathing exercises
Your doctor may recommend some breathing exercises to do if you get asthma symptoms. These exercises will help you to breathe in a gentle way. Basically, you will be training your mind and throat muscles to work together.
7. Herbal treatments
There are some Chinese herbal medicines available in the market. Some of the best treatments to do are to drink green tea. This treatment is effective for people with mild symptoms. Herbs and green tea is best to open blocked airways. You can drink lukewarm green tea after dinner before going to sleep.